We are the only membership charity campaigning for the protection and enjoyment of the Dales
 We are the only membership charity campaigning for the protection and enjoyment of the Dales

Built Heritage

Context

 

Part of the statutory purposes of a National Park is to protect and promote the Cultural Heritage of the area.  This embraces the history of the interaction of man and the landscape, and includes settlement history, land use and farming practices, industry, local traditions and dialects, and much more.  The “Built Heritage” is a major part of this, comprising buildings and other structures from the earliest settlers to the present day.

  • The various forms of the built heritage in the Dales are partly due to the differing geology and geography within the area, and in particular the types of stone available.
  • The built heritage includes an exceptional range of archaeology from all periods, distinctive traditional architecture, remains of former industries, and attractive villages, hamlets and farmsteads sitting harmoniously within the landscape.
  • The “barns and walls landscape” of the Dales is unique, not only in the Dales, but also internationally.
  • Among the many other important and distinctive forms of built heritage are the remains of lead mining, limestone working and water mills; fine bridges, abbeys and churches dating from many periods; non-conformist chapels; traces of former transport systems; and the Settle-Carlisle railway line.
  • The built heritage offers opportunities to tell the story of the landscape and human habitation, helps drive the rural economy and is important to the area’s tourism appeal.

 

However:

  • Many aspects of the built heritage are currently at risk.  Among the causes of this are changes in farming practices and a decline in farm incomes, which lead to lack of maintenance of some traditional buildings and pressure for their conversion into houses.
  • Many designated assets (Scheduled Monuments, Listed buildings, Conservation Areas) are “at risk” and it is increasingly difficult to secure funds for their conservation.
  • The long term decline of the barns and walls landscape, a key feature of the landscape and part of the Dales’ international appeal, is of special concern.
  • Some settlements which merit Conservation Area status remain undesignated (e.g. Malham).
  • Funding for the maintenance of traditional farm buildings under former schemes such as Environmentally Sensitive Areas or Environmental Stewardship had restrictions on the future use of such buildings which discouraged some applicants, and these funds have now ceased to be available.

Our Policies

 

We believe that:

  • There is a need to heighten awareness and appreciation of the built heritage of the Dales.
  • We need to work with others to encourage new funding to conserve and maintain these assets.
  • While maintenance and conservation should be the highest priority, we recognise that “managed decline” (see footnote) has a place as part of the continuing story of the Dales.
  • The National Park Authority and other responsible bodies should receive more funding to reduce the number of Scheduled Monuments, Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas which are “at risk”.
  • Future farming support schemes should recognise the vital contribution that small traditional farm buildings and drystone walls make to the beauty and cultural heritage of the area and to the tourist economy, and significant funding for the maintenance and conservation of these structures should form part of any such schemes.
  • We recognise that building conversions are in some cases necessary for the survival of a building at risk.  We advocate keeping external changes to a minimum and the retention of features of historic interest.  Such conversions may help support the rural economy and also facilitate the understanding and enjoyment of the Dales’ built heritage.
  • Structures which are not “designated” but regarded locally as significant assets (e.g. bridges, walls, buildings) should be identified and recorded, and their historic interest taken into account alongside designated assets.

What we will do

 

We will, through articles in the Yorkshire Dales Review, our events programme, our links with the Campaign for National Parks and other organisations, our comments on the National Park Management Plan, and by our own actions:

  • Campaign for additional government funding to enable the National Park and other responsible authorities to take a more proactive approach to the conservation and management of the built heritage.
  • Campaign for renewed agri-environment funding to farmers for the maintenance and conservation of traditional farm buildings and drystone walls, showing that these are features of the cultural landscape which provide important benefits to the public and support the tourist economy.
  • Help to identify and promote understanding and enjoyment of built heritage assets, especially those that are distinctive of the Dales, and why some have ceased to be used.
  • Encourage ongoing reduction in the numbers of Scheduled Monuments, Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas which are at risk.
  • Urge the National Park Authority to develop a targeted programme of funding support for the conserving and appropriate re-use of barns, especially in the barns and walls Conservation Areas.
  • Through our responses to planning applications

*seek to ensure that building conversions and extensions are appropriate in scale and character to their landscape settings

*encourage the careful and sympathetic conservation and restoration of listed buildings and other examples of traditional vernacular buildings

*support sensitive, creative and appropriate re-use and adaptation of listed and vernacular buildings where this is necessary to their survival.

  • Consider the need for new Conservation Area designations and make recommendations to the National Park or other authority.
  • Encourage the responsible authorities to undertake an active programme of Conservation Area enhancement, working with local communities.

Footnote: ‘Managed decline’ is the process whereby the loss of the barn is accepted, but a full record of the building, its context and its historic interest is made before consolidation of the ruin or removal and re-use of the materials in other traditional buildings.

Everyone is welcome at our events, members and non members - see Upcoming Events for more information. The next event is a morning guided walk looking at the heritage of Ilkley town, with an afternoon talk about the rejuvenation of the Manor House. Saturday 2 December - all welcome to either/both walk and talk, and afterwards a chance to enjoy the town with its seasonal ambiance.

There are many ways to Support our Charity and be a Friend of the Dales, to help keep the Dales special and vibrant for years to come. 

Join us as a member

Make a donation

Leave a gift  in your will

Register as a supporter 

Help as a volunteer at our events

Our Business members are very valuable to us and we thank them all. For a list of all these businesses, or for more information on the benefits of business membership, click HERE

Alastair Humpreys 

Our Patron

says :

 

"it's more beautiful than you realise; the people are open and friendly and have time for you; your phone might not work which is a positive as you'll have more time - slow down and enjoy the silence".

Alastair’s quest for adventure began young. Aged 8, he completed the Yorkshire 3 Peaks Challenge over 26 miles 

Bill Bryson, a supporter, says :

"There isn't a more glorious and beguiling landscape anywhere, or one more deserving of our support. It really is as simple as that"

President Sir Gary Verity

Chairman Mark Corner

Registered Address:

Canal Wharf, Eshton Road, Gargrave, BD23 3PN.

Charity number 515384.Company limited by guarantee number 1822908

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